Decreasing an agri-food value chain's dependence on fossil fuels reduces greenhouse gas emissions and shields it from shocks in the energy market. This report analyzes the costs and benefits of several renewable technologies, and their potential to increase profits and contribute to gender equality.
Reducing agri-food's dependence on fossil fuels often leads to environmental, financial and social improvements, like shielding farmers from shocks in the energy market, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing profits, and contributing to gender equality.
This new report is an overview of the costs and benefits of some of the technologies that could supplement or replace fossil fuel use. It focuses on three food chains—rice, vegetables and milk. It examines how clean energy solutions perform, discusses their suitability for specific development contexts, points out the enabling conditions necessary for their implementation, and suggests policies that should be in place in order to encourage investments that benefit both sustenance farmers and the environment.
“The Costs and Benefits of Clean Energy Technologies in the Milk, Vegetable and Rice Value Chains” was developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in collaboration with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, under the global initiative Powering Agriculture: An Energy Grand Challenge for Development (PAEGC). It is a follow-up study to “Opportunities for Agrifood Chains to become Energy-Smart”, which was completed in 2015.