Camco Clean Energy is a sustainable energy development company with offices across Africa. It is experienced in providing rural electrification through solar, biomass, small hydro, and biofuel technologies, addressing traditional charcoal production and consumption. Camco will co-implement activities with Village Industrial Power (VIP)—a firm that specializes in the development of innovative biomass fueled co-generation plants.
In rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa, access to modern energy services is extremely limited. Without electricity, farming communities are slow in their adoption of modern agriculture practices—resulting in sparse irrigation, lagging food production, and few opportunities for value-added processing and refrigerated storage. Though some communities depend on fossil fuel-based technologies to meet their energy needs, perpetually escalating fuel costs—coupled with adverse environmental impacts—necessitate the exploration of more affordable and sustainable options.
Village Industrial Power (VIP) steam plants are powered through the combustion of biomass waste produced at local agricultural processing facilities. The VIP Plants generate mechanical/electrical/thermal energy for use in a diverse range of agricultural activities—processing fruit, palm, rice, and cocoa; dairy pasteurization; purifying water; and powering irrigation pumps.
The project resulted in the field testing of five beta prototype steam-driven micro combined heat and power units capable of producing 7.5 kW of electricity and 40 kW of thermal energy for agro-processing facilities and residential and commercial end-users. The unit powering the village mini-grid in Tanzania contributes to the community’s financial stability and entrepreneurship opportunities. The three units tested with the palm oil processors in Benin showed the potential of the clean energy solution to increase palm oil yield, and reduce or completely eliminate the consumption of diesel and wood used to power their milling machinery. They hope to use the electrical energy and the thermal energy generated by the units to power other motors, dry their crops, or produce hot water for the milling process which would reduce their wood consumption in the future. A number of issues have prevented the achievement of the original installation targets of the award. However, with support from a new funding source facilitated through Powering Agriculture and the feedback gained from the end-users during the field testing, VIP has designed the 4th generation of the VIP technology to be installed in Kenya, Benin, Tanzania and now India.
Camco and VIP have to date installed five units in three locations. Three palm oil processing businesses in South Eastern Benin have tested the VIP unit in order to displace diesel consumption that is used in running the expeller press and the kernel and fiber separator. The VIP mini-grid in the village of Uchindile, Tanzania, has electrified over 15 shops, homes, and a hospital, and is looking to test the system for an agricultural application, such as an irrigation pump or a small mill. A rural clinic near Kigoma, Tanzania, tested the VIP unit to power a submersible pump and other equipment with the electricity produced by the unit. Training to operate and maintain the units has been provided at all sites.